12.B Sustainable tourism 12.B Sustainable tourism

12.B Sustainable tourism
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In order to strengthen the positive effects of tourism and minimise its negative impact, it is important to promote sustainable tourism that protects natural and cultural resources and provides all those involved in tourism with a fair income. This is the focus of SDG 12.b, which aims to promote sustainable and participative tourism development.

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The tourism industry is one of the most important industries worldwide, a key economic sector in Germany, and important for international understanding. At the same time, the industry, like no other, is heavily dependent on natural and socio-cultural resources. Impressive landscapes, intact flora and fauna, cultural heritage and the hospitality of the people in the host country are the prerequisite for a high-quality holiday and a high level of guest satisfaction. Uncontrolled tourism can lead to undesirable effects, including the pollution of natural areas, loss of biodiversity, increased CO2, pollutant and noise emissions, increased water consumption and land sealing, and higher prices for locals.

Monitoring tools will enhance the impact of sustainable tourism, creating jobs on fair terms, promoting local culture and products, strengthening the regional economy while protecting, making visible, and understandable the environment.

The Federal Government promotes sustainable tourism development through the federal competition ‘Sustainable Tourism Destinations in Germany’ and various ongoing projects, e.g. the development of indicator systems for sustainable tourism in Germany and the national tourism strategy, which integrates ecological and social sustainability into the development of sustainable tourism in Germany. Certification systems and guidelines that are based on international quality and sustainability standards and that help destinations and tourism companies improve their sustainability performance also contribute to sustainable tourism development in Germany (see the Requirements for Corporate Certification for Sustainable Tourism in Germany, Practical Guide for Sustainability in German Tourism). Industry initiatives are also driving the development of sustainable tourism (e.g. the forum anders reisen, Futouris). Compensation platforms and information portals for sustainable tourism help consumers make sustainable decisions. 

Sustainable Business Institute (SBI); BMBF
The Sustainability Code (DNK)- Benchmark for sustainable business practices

The Sustainability Code offers support in the development of a strategy for sustainable development and provides an introduction to sustainability reporting. In order to comply with the Sustainability Code, users prepare a statement of the twenty Code criteria and the supplementary non-financial performance indicators in the database.

12.6 Responsible companies 12.B Sustainable tourism
SDG 9 SDG 17
BMU; Wirtschaft
EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme)

EMAS stands for Eco-Management and Audit Scheme and is a worldwide system for voluntary sustainable environmental management and auditing. Founded in 1993 by the European Communities, the EU label can be awarded to any organisation that meets the requirements of the EMAS Regulation.

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.6 Responsible companies 12.B Sustainable tourism
SDG 13
Stiftung Zukunftsfähigkeit

Atmosfair is a German non-profit organization that contributes to CO₂ mitigation by promoting, developing and financing renewable energies in over 15 countries worldwide. Atmosfair relies on voluntary climate payments from private individuals and businesses. Aiming to decarbonize the world economy, Atmosfair designed software tools and consulting services to assist businesses in executing their climate policies, with a particular focus on business travel.

12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.B Sustainable tourism
SDG 7 SDG 13
Funding measure "Sustainable Economy"

The aim of the 'Sustainable Economy' funding measure by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research is to demonstrate how positively an economic system can develop if it considers the various dimensions of sustainability. This includes strengthening the links between lasting commercial success, environmental protection and social justice. The research projects examine the following issues: measurement and assessment of how corporate actions (i.e. selected products and services) impact sustainability, new business models, consumer behavior and communication, systemic questions on transforming the economic system.

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.6 Responsible companies 12.8 Information and awareness for sustainable development 12.B Sustainable tourism