12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.7 Sustainable public procurement

12.7 Sustainable public procurement
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Sub-goal 12.7 aims to promote sustainable practices in public procurement, in line with national policies and priorities.

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The Public Procurement Law (Act against Restraints of Competition (GWB), Regulation  and the Ordinance on the Award of Public Contracts (VgV), sector-specific procurement regulations) is based on EU law. The GWB regulates that aspects of environmental protection must be taken into account when awarding contracts. Regulations in the VgV place the application of sustainability aspects partly at the discretion of the public client. The Federal Climate Protection Act (KSG) introduced a preferential obligation for climate-friendly products and services in federal public procurement. A similar provision is made for resource-saving products and services in the amended Closed Substance Cycle and Waste Management Act (KrWG). Federal procurement agencies must also apply the General Administrative Regulation for the Procurement of Energy-Efficient Services (AVV EnEff). There are also mandatory regulations at state level to anchor sustainability aspects in public procurement.

In order to promote sustainable procurement in Germany, the Federal Government has established information and support services for public clients. As the federal government's central information and advisory office on sustainable public procurement, the ‘Centre of Competence for Sustainable Procurement’ (KNB) supports public clients at federal, state and local level in the consideration of sustainability criteria. Since 2012, public procurers can contact the KNB via telephone hotlines, e-mail and a portal to obtain information and training. The web portal ‘Compass Sustainability’ (Kompass Nachhaltigkeit) provides practical support for procurement managers with further background information on sustainable procurement, on the integration of sustainability criteria according to the specifications of the public procurement laws, or with a supplier overview. The Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt (UBA)) also offers a comprehensive range of information for practitioners with training scripts, tender recommendations, product guides, life cycle cost calculators, practical examples and much more.

In addition, the Federal Government's Sustainability Action Programme contains concrete regulations on the orientation of public procurement towards the guiding principle of sustainable development. These include targets for specific product groups (paper, textiles, vehicles) and annual monitoring. In addition, numerous civil society actors are also campaigning for more sustainability in procurement - such as the Service Agency of Communities in the One World (SKEW) or the Fairtrade Towns initiative - both with a special focus on municipalities.

In the course of updating the German Sustainability Strategy 2018, indicators for sustainable procurement were introduced for the first time. According to the specifications of the Sustainability Action Programme, the share of paper bearing the "Blue Angel" seal in the total paper consumption of the federal administration is to reach 95 percent by 2020, and CO2 emissions from standard public-sector vehicles are to be significantly reduced. The indicators developed for this purpose are key indicators.  To measure the implementation of SDG 12.7 at the international level, the study looks at how many countries have policies and action plans for sustainable public procurement. Germany has already met this indicator through the above-mentioned programs and measures (see also National Reporting Platform (NRP)).

Europäische Kommission; Berliner Energieagentur; BMU
BuySmart Guideline

The "Buy Smart" project, sponsored by the EU, offers free advice and information materials in the field of green procurement.
The target group is both the public sector and private companies. In addition to answering general questions, tendering aids are offered for the product groups lighting, office equipment, vehicles, household appliances and green electricity.
The "Buy Smart" project (running from 2009 to 2011) was funded by the EU and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).

12.7 Sustainable public procurement
Waste Management Act (KrWG)

The Waste Management Act (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz = KrWG) entered into force on 1 June 2012 and is now Germany's main waste disposal statue. It transposes the EU Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) into German law and comprehensively modernises the former German waste legislation. The KrWG is intended to tighten resource, climate and environmental protection regulations and improve resource efficiency in waste management by strengthening waste avoidance and recycling. At the same time, the adoption of terms and definitions under EU law and the clarification of central regulations are intended to facilitate the practicable and legally secure application of the law. In addition, bureaucratic burdens have been reduced and various regulations have been made more enforceable.
A new scope of application and definitions harmonised under EU law provide more legal certainty and facilitate the application of the Act. In addition, for the first time there are regulations on the practice-relevant questions of the differentiation between waste and by-product as well as on the end of waste status. Based on EU law, the law also determines whether a waste incineration plant is granted " recovery status". The implementation of the hierarchy in the stages of prevention, recovery, disposal is already specified by the law.

With the introduction of § 45 Obligations of Public Authorities, public procurement also receives greater support for waste prevention. § 45 obliges federal authorities to give preference in procurement to "products which, among other things, (1) have been manufactured using production processes that conserve raw materials, save energy, conserve water, are low in pollutants or low in waste ; (2) have been manufactured by preparing them for re-use or by recycling waste, in particular using recycled materials, or have been manufactured from renewable raw materials ; (3) are characterised by durability, ease of repair, reusability and recyclability [...]"

12.4 Environmentally sound management of chemicals 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.7 Sustainable public procurement
SDG 9 SDG 16
Alliance for Sustainable Procurement

Under the chairmanship of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi), representatives of the federal government, the federal states and local authorities, non-governmental organisations and associations have been working together in the Alliance for Sustainable Procurment since 2010. There are six expert groups on the topics of electromobility, standards, resource efficiency, statistics/ monitoring, local public transport and sustainable construction.

12.7 Sustainable public procurement
Competence Centre for Sustainable Procurement

The Competence Centre for Sustainable Procurement (KNB) at the Procurement Office of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community (BMI) supports public clients in considering sustainability criteria in procurement projects.
The KNB informs, trains and clarifies the contracting authorities of the federal government, the states and local authorities in a targeted manner with regard to sustainable public procurement.

12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.7 Sustainable public procurement
SDG 16 SDG 17
CLIENT II – International Partnerships for Sustainable Innovations

The target of the funding programme is to support international partnerships in the areas of climate, environment and energy.
CLIENT II puts a spotlight on demand-oriented research and development collaborations with select newly industrializing and developing countries with interesting markets for German suppliers of technology. The envisaged projects are to give an effective impetus to reduce environmental pollution in the partner countries, to use natural resources both wisely and economically, to supply safe, clean and affordable energy to all segments of the population, and to make advances in global climate protection and in the adaptation to climate change and natural hazards. 

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.4 Environmentally sound management of chemicals 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.6 Responsible companies 12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.A Supporting developing countries 12.B Sustainable tourism
SDG 6 SDG 7 SDG 8 SDG 13