12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.5 Reducing waste generation

12.5 Reducing waste generation
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Sub-goal 12.5 envisages a significant drop in waste by 2030 through prevention, reduction, recovery and reuse.

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The amended Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act (KrWG), the Packaging Act (VerpackG; 1 January 2019), the Electrical and Electronic Equipment Act (ElektroG; updated in 2015) and the Waste Prevention Programme (2013) set the legal framework to promote waste prevention, the reuse and high-quality recycling of various environmentally relevant waste streams, and demand compliance with specific targets.

Numerous information initiatives and platforms have been developed for companies, schools and the general public to significantly reduce the amount of waste, for example

  • To reduce food loss and waste (e.g. the alliance ‘We save food!’ set up by the Bavarian State Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry, which aims to create an exchange for the development and implementation of measures against food waste along the entire value chain),
  • To facilitate the reuse of components (for example, the Bremen Component Exchange),
  • To increase the repair of second-hand goods (e.g. the Round Table Repair, where environmental organisations, consumer advocates, representatives of the repair and manufacturing industry, science and repair initiatives are working to strengthen repair and also to improve the framework for repair) and 
  • To increase the demand for repair services and second-hand goods (for example, the interactive online map of repair, second-hand and loan/exchange services in Berlin via the ReMap).

The Federal Statistical Office (destatis) collects data for indicator 12.5.1 on SDG 12.5 ‘National recycling quota, tonnes of recycled material’ at the national level (see the National Reporting Platform).

BMU
Waste Prevention Programme

The Federal Cabinet adopted the Waste Prevention Programme on 31 July 2013. This is the first time that the public sector has systematically and comprehensively recorded targeted approaches to waste prevention in the form of recommendations for concrete instruments and measures. At the same time, the cabinet decision marks the start of a dialogue between the federal government, the federal states, local authorities and other stakeholders on waste prevention. In conjunction and coordination with the German government’s other existing strategies, the programme aims to help ensure the coherent and sustainable use of natural and raw materials in Germany.

Unterziele
12.5 Reducing waste generation
Ziele
SDG 16
BMBF
Resource-efficient Circular Economy - Innovative Product Cycles (ReziProK)

With the funding guideline "Resource-efficient Circular Economy - Innovative Product Cycles" (ReziProK), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is pursuing the goal of contributing to the implementation of a resource-efficient recycling management system with the aid of research and development. The aim is to increase overall raw material productivity, avoid waste and reduce environmental pollution.

Unterziele
12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.6 Responsible companies
Ziele
SDG 9
Too Good To Go GmbH
Too Good To Go App

"Too Good To Go" is an app for fighting food waste. The app enables users to "save" food in the immediate vicinity. Many catering establishments regularly have excess food, because overproduction is often unavoidable, be it in the display of a bakery, at lunch buffets or in the supermarket. This unsold food is passed on to app users instead of being thrown away.
The company currently cooperates with more than 17,000 partners in nine countries. Four more markets are to be added this year. In Germany, 2,500 restaurants, cafés and bakeries in over 300 cities are participating.

Unterziele
12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation
Ziele
SDG 9
BMEL; Greentable; Zu Gut für die Tonne; Metro
Campaign "Enjoy without leftovers"

The initiative "Too good for the bin!" of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) and Greentable, an initiative for sustainability in the catering industry, are fighting against food waste with the campaign "Enjoy without leftovers" ("Restlos genießen").

They would like to motivate the catering trade to actively offer their guests the opportunity to wrap up the food they have not eaten - for a second hunger at home. Several hundred restaurants nationwide are already distributing the "sustainable best leftover boxes" (Nachhaltige "Beste-Reste-Box") for this purpose. In addition, prominent top chefs support the campaign. A goal is it to make the "sustainable best leftover boxes" as practical food savers a firm component of our restaurant culture.
The material of the box is recyclable and 100 percent biodegradable. The "sustainable best leftover boxes" is available nationwide in all stores of Metro Cash & Carry Deutschland GmbH, partner in stationary trade, in units of 75 pieces and more. The box can be ordered online from the manufacturer Biofutura.

Unterziele
12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation
Ziele
SDG 2 SDG 17
BMBF
CLIENT II – International Partnerships for Sustainable Innovations

The target of the funding programme is to support international partnerships in the areas of climate, environment and energy.
CLIENT II puts a spotlight on demand-oriented research and development collaborations with select newly industrializing and developing countries with interesting markets for German suppliers of technology. The envisaged projects are to give an effective impetus to reduce environmental pollution in the partner countries, to use natural resources both wisely and economically, to supply safe, clean and affordable energy to all segments of the population, and to make advances in global climate protection and in the adaptation to climate change and natural hazards. 

Unterziele
12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.4 Environmentally sound management of chemicals 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.6 Responsible companies 12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.A Supporting developing countries 12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 6 SDG 7 SDG 8 SDG 13