12.3 Reducing food losses 12.3 Reducing food losses

12.3 Reducing food losses
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Subgoal 12.3 aims to achieve a global halving of per capita food waste in the retail sector and at consumer level by 2030. It also aims to reduce food waste along the production and supply chain, including post-harvest losses.

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Since 2012, the campaign "Too Good for the Bin" (Zu gut für die Tonne!) has been showing how consumers can reduce food waste. With the National Strategy for Reducing Food Waste adopted in 2019, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) is placing greater focus on the sectors of primary production, processing, wholesale and retail, and out-of-home catering in addition to private households. The aim is to halve food waste in Germany at retail and consumer level by 2030 and to reduce food waste along the production and supply chain. Actors from the food industry have joined forces in the association "United against waste" to promote the networking and dissemination of solutions for out-of-home consumption. Concrete assistance for the catering sector is provided, for example in a practical guide published by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA). In order to promote the exchange between the public sector and practical actors and networking among each other for further successful implementation of the waste prevention program, the UBA and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) organized the Waste Avoidance Dialogues 2014-2017, in which food waste was also a core topic.

The scientific community is also actively researching ways to reduce food waste. One example is the EU project REFRESH, in which Germany participated as one of four pilot countries. This project tested new approaches to reducing food waste and then derived corresponding policy recommendations. In February 2019, the Federal Cabinet adopted a National Strategy to reduce food waste and achieve SDG 12.3. This strategy identifies the causes of food losses and identifies fields of action for their reduction.

The "Global food loss index", developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and supplemented by a "Food Waste Index" to determine the volume of waste at the end of the food supply chain, is intended as an international indicator for measuring the achievement of the SDG 12.3 goals. In order to meet the international targets, the EU member states commit themselves by means of the Waste Framework Directive to prevent food losses and to monitor their extent. The European Commission, together with the members of the EU Platform on Food Losses and Waste, has developed a methodology for collecting food waste. In 2019, a delegated act was finally adopted to supplement the framework directive with a methodology for the uniform measurement of the volume of food waste. This means that the member states are now obliged to monitor the results. On this basis, an indicator of food losses and waste in Germany is to be included in the progress report of the Sustainability Strategy 2020. The concept for data collection and concrete calculation is currently being developed.

 

BMU; BMJV; BMEL
National Programme on Sustainable Consumption

The National Programme on Sustainable Consumption was adopted by the Federal Government in 2016. It formulates approaches for the implementation of the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development from the consumer and product perspective. It aims to contribute to reconciling consumption patterns and lifestyle with ecological and economic limits. The national programme identifies and defines objectives, principles of action, fields of action, and implementation strategies in order to systematically expand and promote sustainable consumption in its various facets.

Unterziele
12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation
Ziele
SDG 16
BMEL
Action week "Germany saves food!" and "Too good for the bin!" - Action Days.

In September 2020, the nationwide action week "Germany saves food!" for more food value estimation took place for the first time, which from now on will be an annual event. The aim is to raise awareness of the issue of reducing food waste and to initiate a movement for more appreciation of food. 
The action week bundles action ideas from all federal states and sectors along the food supply chain  and promotes mutual exchange. The Action Week is organized by the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture in cooperation with the federal states and local partners. It is part of the National Strategy to Reduce Food Waste. During the week food that cannot be sold or whose best-before date will soon expire is collected from regional supermarkets and producers. The next day, the whole city is invited to cook and eat together.
The events are framed by a stage program with speeches, panel discussions and music. Regional partners and initiatives present their offers at small action stands and cooks reveal their "best leftovers" recipes.

Unterziele
12.3 Reducing food losses
Ziele
SDG 2
BMEL
App Too Good for the bin!

To prepare delicious leftover meals from leftovers: For this purpose there is the app Zu gut für die Tonne! with more than 700 cooking ideas including recipes from top chefs and celebrity chef mentors such as Johan Lafer or Daniel Brühl. Here you will find classic meals like "Armer Ritter" (French Toast) as well as new creations and smart side dishes made of few ingredients. Furthermore the app gives tips for shopping, correct storage and utilization of food.

The app also provides tips on shopping, proper storage and recycling of food. A comprehensive food encyclopedia provides information on storage and shelf life. The shopping planner pro helps to estimate quantities correctly and save time in the store.

Unterziele
12.3 Reducing food losses
Ziele
SDG 2
BMZ; GIZ
Initiative for Sustainable Agricultural Supply Chains (INA)

The Initiative for Sustainable Agricultural Supply Chains (INA) unites more than 70 actors from the private sector, civil society and politics. The initiative aims to achieve greater sustainability in global agricultural supply chains and improve the living conditions of small farmers. The INA concentrates in particular on protecting natural resources and ensuring living wages and income. The initiative also explores digital solutions to support producers and increase transparency in the supply chain and serves as an information platform. The INA was launched by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in November 2018. It is designed as an open platform that works across the boundaries of the respective supply chains.

Unterziele
12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.6 Responsible companies
Ziele
SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 8 SDG 15 SDG 17
UBA; Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie; Stakeholder Reporting; ifeu – Institut für Energie und Umweltforschung Heidelberg
Expert Forum: "Effective reduction of food waste - achieving more together"

In 2017 the expert forum "Effective reduction of food waste - achieving more together" took place in Berlin. The aim was to create an impulse through interactive exchange with stakeholders from the entire food value chain to discuss and further develop ideas and approaches for measures to avoid food waste and losses. The forum, organised by the Wuppertal Institute, IFEU (Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg GmbH) and Stakeholder Reporting, brought together actors from agriculture, trade, initiatives and start-ups to avoid food waste and politics to discuss joint proposals for solutions.

Unterziele
12.3 Reducing food losses
Ziele
SDG 9 SDG 17