12.3 Reducing food losses 12.3 Reducing food losses

12.3 Reducing food losses
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Subgoal 12.3 aims to achieve a global halving of per capita food waste in the retail sector and at consumer level by 2030. It also aims to reduce food waste along the production and supply chain, including post-harvest losses.

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Since 2012, the campaign "Too Good for the Bin" (Zu gut für die Tonne!) has been showing how consumers can reduce food waste. With the National Strategy for Reducing Food Waste adopted in 2019, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) is placing greater focus on the sectors of primary production, processing, wholesale and retail, and out-of-home catering in addition to private households. The aim is to halve food waste in Germany at retail and consumer level by 2030 and to reduce food waste along the production and supply chain. Actors from the food industry have joined forces in the association "United against waste" to promote the networking and dissemination of solutions for out-of-home consumption. Concrete assistance for the catering sector is provided, for example in a practical guide published by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA). In order to promote the exchange between the public sector and practical actors and networking among each other for further successful implementation of the waste prevention program, the UBA and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) organized the Waste Avoidance Dialogues 2014-2017, in which food waste was also a core topic.

The scientific community is also actively researching ways to reduce food waste. One example is the EU project REFRESH, in which Germany participated as one of four pilot countries. This project tested new approaches to reducing food waste and then derived corresponding policy recommendations. In February 2019, the Federal Cabinet adopted a National Strategy to reduce food waste and achieve SDG 12.3. This strategy identifies the causes of food losses and identifies fields of action for their reduction.

The "Global food loss index", developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and supplemented by a "Food Waste Index" to determine the volume of waste at the end of the food supply chain, is intended as an international indicator for measuring the achievement of the SDG 12.3 goals. In order to meet the international targets, the EU member states commit themselves by means of the Waste Framework Directive to prevent food losses and to monitor their extent. The European Commission, together with the members of the EU Platform on Food Losses and Waste, has developed a methodology for collecting food waste. In 2019, a delegated act was finally adopted to supplement the framework directive with a methodology for the uniform measurement of the volume of food waste. This means that the member states are now obliged to monitor the results. On this basis, an indicator of food losses and waste in Germany is to be included in the progress report of the Sustainability Strategy 2020. The concept for data collection and concrete calculation is currently being developed.

 

BMEL
Action week "Germany saves food!" and "Too good for the bin!" - Action Days.

Every year around the 29th of September, the International Food Loss and Food Waste Awareness Day, action days or, since 2020, the nationwide action week Deutschland rettet Lebensmittel! take place. 
The nationwide action week for more food appreciation is a joint initiative of "Zu gut für die Tonne!" and the federal states. It is part of the implementation of the National Strategy to Reduce Food Waste of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Current information: https://www.zugutfuerdietonne.de/unsere-aktivitaeten/aktionswoche-deutschland-rettet-lebensmittel/
Committed actors are participating in the action week under the motto #deutschlandrettetlebensmittel (Germany saves food) with various on-site actions and digital formats. The participants are thus campaigning for more food appreciation. 

Unterziele
12.3 Reducing food losses
Ziele
SDG 2
BMBF; Thünen-Institut; Universität Stuttgart; Max-Rubner-Institut; Verbraucherzentrale NRW e.V
REFOWAS - Pathways to reduce food waste

The project "REFOWAS - Pathways to reduce food waste" deals with the topic of avoidable food waste in Germany. The aim of the project is to analyse the agricultural and food sector along its value chains with regard to the generation of food waste and in particular the proportion of avoidable waste and to identify and test strategies and starting points for measures to reduce waste.
The research project is carried out on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). It is part of the BMBF funding priority Research for Sustainable Development.

Unterziele
12.3 Reducing food losses
BMEL
App Too Good for the bin!

Prepare delicious leftover dishes from leftover food: That's what the Best Leftovers app by "Zu gut für die Tonne!" for smartphones and tablets is for. It now contains almost 750 recipes from star chefs and celebrity chefs such as Sarah Wiener, Johann Lafer, Daniel Brühl and many amateur cooks. Here you will find classics such as Arme Ritter, but also new creations and smart side dishes made from just a few ingredients. New recipes are added regularly - the app can be easily updated.
The app also provides tips on shopping, the correct storage and use of food. A comprehensive food lexicon provides information on storage and shelf life. The shopping planner provides an overview of supermarket visits and helps to estimate quantities correctly and save time in the shop.

Unterziele
12.3 Reducing food losses
Ziele
SDG 2
BMU; BMJV; BMEL
National Programme on Sustainable Consumption

The National Programme for Sustainable Consumption (NPNK) is a step towards implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development from a consumer and product perspective. It aims to contribute to bringing our consumption patterns and lifestyles in line with ecological and economic limits. The programme identifies goals and needs for action and explains previous activities of the Federal Government in the field of sustainable consumption. Based on the guiding principle of sustainability, central ideas for a policy of sustainable consumption are developed. The programme contains 170 measures for the overarching approaches to action as well as the areas of need in order to systematically strengthen sustainable consumption.
The NPNK was further developed on 3 May 2021. The 45 measures and targets adopted by the Committee of State Secretaries for Sustainable Development prioritise and focus the Federal Government's existing programme for sustainable consumption from 2016. The measures relate to the areas of mobility, housing and household, nutrition, work and office, clothing, and leisure and tourism, as well as cross-cutting measures, such as those to tap the potential of digitalisation for sustainable consumption. They are intended to contribute to halving consumption-related greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant by 2030, among other things.

Unterziele
12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.8 Information and awareness for sustainable development 12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 16
BMEL; BLE
Innovation Promotion Programme of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Innovations are essential for the entire agricultural sector to strengthen its competitiveness. In order to utilise and bundle the great potential of ideas from industry and science, the programme for the promotion of innovation of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) was published in July 2006. The aim is to support technical and non-technical innovations in all areas of agriculture and the food industry. The focus is on the use of the latest scientific findings for the development of internationally competitive products, processes and services.

The innovation promotion programme focuses on application-oriented and product-oriented research and development and thus on the research categories "Industrial Research" and "Experimental Development". The main addressees of the innovation funding are commercial enterprises and research institutions, which usually work together to realise innovations.

The funding areas are diverse and have grown steadily since the innovation funding programme began. In addition to research and development projects from the various areas of plant production, agricultural technology and livestock farming, the central focal points of safe food and healthy nutrition round off the current funding range.

Unterziele
12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.6 Responsible companies
Ziele
SDG 3 SDG 9 SDG 13 SDG 14 SDG 15