12.5 Reducing waste generation
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The amended Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act (KrWG), the Packaging Act (VerpackG; 1 January 2019), the Electrical and Electronic Equipment Act (ElektroG; updated in 2015) and the Waste Prevention Programme (2013) set the legal framework to promote waste prevention, the reuse and high-quality recycling of various environmentally relevant waste streams, and demand compliance with specific targets.
Numerous information initiatives and platforms have been developed for companies, schools and the general public to significantly reduce the amount of waste, for example
- To reduce food loss and waste (e.g. the alliance ‘We save food!’ set up by the Bavarian State Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry, which aims to create an exchange for the development and implementation of measures against food waste along the entire value chain),
- To facilitate the reuse of components (for example, the Bremen Component Exchange),
- To increase the repair of second-hand goods (e.g. the Round Table Repair, where environmental organisations, consumer advocates, representatives of the repair and manufacturing industry, science and repair initiatives are working to strengthen repair and also to improve the framework for repair) and
- To increase the demand for repair services and second-hand goods (for example, the interactive online map of repair, second-hand and loan/exchange services in Berlin via the ReMap).
The Federal Statistical Office (destatis) collects data for indicator 12.5.1 on SDG 12.5 ‘National recycling quota, tonnes of recycled material’ at the national level (see the National Reporting Platform).