12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns
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Sub-goal 12.1 calls for the implementation of the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns (10YFP), which covers the period 2012 to 2022. It is intended to initiate, coordinate and support activities for the implementation of sustainable consumption and production patterns at the global, regional and national levels.

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The ten-year project brings together programmes in six areas: sustainable consumer information, sustainable building and housing, sustainable public procurement, sustainable tourism, sustainable lifestyles and education, and sustainable food systems. The Federal Government, represented by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), took over the chairmanship of the 10YFP Executive Board after its founding in 2012 along with the Mexican government. Since that time, it has been actively supporting its establishment as the central UN institution promoting sustainable consumption and production patterns. In an important step to further development, the One Planet Network was founded in 2018 as a global information and innovation hub for the worldwide transformation to sustainable consumption and production patterns. The BMU, the Government of Indonesia and Consumers International also manage the consumer information program. In addition, the BMU is particularly active in programs for sustainable tourism and sustainable procurement. Tasks here include developing guidelines for credible consumer information at the UN level, supporting ambitious labelling systems and disseminating best practices. 

Knowing how many countries explicitly include sustainable consumption and production (SCP) in their national policies is critical to measuring the implementation of the SDG 12.1 on an international level. In this context, the German National Programme on Sustainable Consumption (NPNK) deserves particular mention; it is a cross-departmental action plan adopted by the federal cabinet in 2016. The plan describes ideas and concrete measures for key consumer sectors that contribute to the mainstreaming of sustainable consumption patterns. The NPNK is characterised by the fact that its implementation implies, in particular, the involvement of civil society, research and private industry. The Competence Centre on Sustainable Consumption (KNK) was founded to this end. Working with the subordinate authorities of the ministries, it serves as a service point for information and supports the National Sustainable Consumption Network (NNNK).

Competence Centre for Sustainable Consumption (KNK)


Whether it's food, mobility or clothing, consumption as a cross-sectional issue encompasses all areas of our everyday lives. In accordance with that, many ministries and stakeholders are involved in promoting sustainable consumption in Germany. The Competence Center for Sustainable Consumption was established to support their cooperation, the networking of activities, and the exchange and provision of knowledge. Subordinate authorities of several participating ministries work closely together in the Competence Center, and the office is located at the Federal Environment Agency.


12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.8 Information and awareness for sustainable development
SDG 1 SDG 4 SDG 8 SDG 9 SDG 11
Initiative Save Food; FAO; UNEP; Messe Düsseldorf; interpack
SAVE FOOD Initiative

On 27 January 2011 in Berlin, Germany SAVE FOOD was introduced to the public by the partners Messe Düsseldorf and the FAO. SAVE FOOD puts the issue of global food losses onto the political and economic agenda. Together with members from business, politics and civil society, SAVE FOOD aims to drive innovation, promote interdisciplinary dialogue and initiate debate in order to generate solutions to reduce food waste, across the entire value chain "from the field to the plate".

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.8 Information and awareness for sustainable development
SDG 15 SDG 17
BMZ; BMU-Partner (NGO, Privatwirtschaft (inkl. SMEs)…)
German Partnership for Sustainable Mobility (GPSM)

The German Partnership for Sustainable Mobility (GPSM) is serving as a guide for sustainable mobility and green logistics solutions from Germany. As a platform for exchanging knowledge, expertise and experiences, GPSM supports the transformation towards sustainability in developing and emerging countries. It serves as a network of information from academia, businesses, civil society and associations.

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns
SDG 9 SDG 11
Innovation Promotion Programme of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Innovations are essential for the entire agricultural sector to strengthen its competitiveness. In order to utilise and bundle the great potential of ideas from industry and science, the programme for the promotion of innovation of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) was published in July 2006. The aim is to support technical and non-technical innovations in all areas of agriculture and the food industry. The focus is on the use of the latest scientific findings for the development of internationally competitive products, processes and services.

The innovation promotion programme focuses on application-oriented and product-oriented research and development and thus on the research categories "Industrial Research" and "Experimental Development". The main addressees of the innovation funding are commercial enterprises and research institutions, which usually work together to realise innovations.

The funding areas are diverse and have grown steadily since the innovation funding programme began. In addition to research and development projects from the various areas of plant production, agricultural technology and livestock farming, the central focal points of safe food and healthy nutrition round off the current funding range.

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.6 Responsible companies
SDG 3 SDG 9 SDG 13 SDG 14 SDG 15
The Green Button

The Green Button is a government-run label for sustainable textiles. Since September 2019, the certificate sets binding requirements for the products and the entire company. To obtain the certification, companies have to meet high requirements regarding their production and working conditions. Therefore, they have to comply with 46 social and environmental criteria. Independent auditors conduct the necessary audits. The Germany Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development defines and owns the certification scheme. The Green Button provides orientation when buying socially and environmentally manufactured textiles. Thus, it aims at raising awareness of customers and companies on the topic of sustainable textile production and supply chains. With the assistance of an independent expert advisory council, the Green Button is continuously being developed further to be even more comprehensive in the future. 

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.4 Environmentally sound management of chemicals 12.6 Responsible companies 12.8 Information and awareness for sustainable development
SDG 8 SDG 9 SDG 10