12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns
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The ten-year project brings together programmes in six areas: sustainable consumer information, sustainable building and housing, sustainable public procurement, sustainable tourism, sustainable lifestyles and education, and sustainable food systems. The Federal Government, represented by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), took over the chairmanship of the 10YFP Executive Board after its founding in 2012 along with the Mexican government. Since that time, it has been actively supporting its establishment as the central UN institution promoting sustainable consumption and production patterns. In an important step to further development, the One Planet Network was founded in 2018 as a global information and innovation hub for the worldwide transformation to sustainable consumption and production patterns. The BMU, the Government of Indonesia and Consumers International also manage the consumer information program. In addition, the BMU is particularly active in programs for sustainable tourism and sustainable procurement. Tasks here include developing guidelines for credible consumer information at the UN level, supporting ambitious labelling systems and disseminating best practices.
Knowing how many countries explicitly include sustainable consumption and production (SCP) in their national policies is critical to measuring the implementation of the SDG 12.1 on an international level. In this context, the German National Programme on Sustainable Consumption (NPNK) deserves particular mention; it is a cross-departmental action plan adopted by the federal cabinet in 2016. The plan describes ideas and concrete measures for key consumer sectors that contribute to the mainstreaming of sustainable consumption patterns. The NPNK is characterised by the fact that its implementation implies, in particular, the involvement of civil society, research and private industry. The Competence Centre on Sustainable Consumption (KNK) was founded to this end. Working with the subordinate authorities of the ministries, it serves as a service point for information and supports the National Sustainable Consumption Network (NNNK).