12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies 12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies

12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies
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Sub-goal 12.c aims to ‘rationalise inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances’.

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Taxation should be restructured and harmful subsidies gradually reduced in order to reduce their environmental impact. It must take ‘fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and [minimise] the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities’.

Although there are few activities that explicitly aim at eliminating environmentally damaging subsidies, there are examples that can help reduce those subsidies. For example, the Federal Environment Agency's report on environmentally harmful subsidies in Germany, which has already been updated three times since 2008, makes an important contribution to communicating the problem and its extent, raising awareness of the issue.

With the entry into force of the Second Act amending the Energy Tax and Electricity Tax Act on 1 January 2013, companies (other than small and medium-sized) can only be reimbursed up to 90% of the energy tax or electricity tax burden by means of so-called ‘peak compensation’ if they have ISO 50001 certification or have adopted an EMAS-certified energy management system. This links the subsidy to sustainability requirements.

Various business enterprises (e.g. Allianz, Commerzbank, Telekom, SAP, Tchibo) have issued internal regulations that establish a bonus system when using low-emission company cars. Here, a bonus/penalty system incentivises choosing a company car with low CO2 emissions, such as a hybrid or an electric vehicle.

Bunderegierung
Government Programme for Electric Mobility

Adopted on 18 May 2011, the Government Programme for Electric Mobility defines further measures and framework conditions that are intended to contribute to the goal of developing Germany into a leading supplier and lead market for electric mobility.

Unterziele
12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies
Ziele
SDG 9 SDG 11
Bundesregierung; Bundestag
Amendments to the Energy Tax Act and Electricity Tax Act

The tax concessions in the Energy Tax Act and the Electricity Tax Act for companies in the producing industry in special cases (so-called peak compensation) have been approved by the European Commission under state aid law until 31 December 2012. They were introduced as part of the ecological tax reform to maintain the international competitiveness of energy-intensive manufacturing companies.

Unterziele
12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies
Ziele
SDG 8 SDG 9
u.a. Allianz; Boehringer Ingelheim; Commerzbank; Telekom; Frosta; SAP; Tschibo
Bonus system for low-emission business travel options (public transport, bicycle, low-emission company cars, alternative drives, car sharing)

Environmental Action Germany (DUH) provides information on mobility strategies of exemplary authorities, public enterprises and state banks. These are the Federal Office for Agriculture and Development (BLE), Bundesdruckerei, Deutsche Bundesbank, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Federal Environment Agency (UBA).

Unterziele
12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies
Ziele
SDG 13