12.B Sustainable tourism 12.B Sustainable tourism

12.B Sustainable tourism
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In order to strengthen the positive effects of tourism and minimise its negative impact, it is important to promote sustainable tourism that protects natural and cultural resources and provides all those involved in tourism with a fair income. This is the focus of SDG 12.b, which aims to promote sustainable and participative tourism development.

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The tourism industry is one of the most important industries worldwide, a key economic sector in Germany, and important for international understanding. At the same time, the industry, like no other, is heavily dependent on natural and socio-cultural resources. Impressive landscapes, intact flora and fauna, cultural heritage and the hospitality of the people in the host country are the prerequisite for a high-quality holiday and a high level of guest satisfaction. Uncontrolled tourism can lead to undesirable effects, including the pollution of natural areas, loss of biodiversity, increased CO2, pollutant and noise emissions, increased water consumption and land sealing, and higher prices for locals.

Monitoring tools will enhance the impact of sustainable tourism, creating jobs on fair terms, promoting local culture and products, strengthening the regional economy while protecting, making visible, and understandable the environment.

The Federal Government promotes sustainable tourism development through the federal competition ‘Sustainable Tourism Destinations in Germany’ and various ongoing projects, e.g. the development of indicator systems for sustainable tourism in Germany and the national tourism strategy, which integrates ecological and social sustainability into the development of sustainable tourism in Germany. Certification systems and guidelines that are based on international quality and sustainability standards and that help destinations and tourism companies improve their sustainability performance also contribute to sustainable tourism development in Germany (see the Requirements for Corporate Certification for Sustainable Tourism in Germany, Practical Guide for Sustainability in German Tourism). Industry initiatives are also driving the development of sustainable tourism (e.g. the forum anders reisen, Futouris). Compensation platforms and information portals for sustainable tourism help consumers make sustainable decisions. 

BMZ; UN Global Compact Netzwerk Deutschland
Global Compact Network Germany (DGCN)

The United Nations Global Compact is the world's largest initiative for responsible corporate governance. Based on ten universal principles and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it pursues the vision of an inclusive and sustainable global economy for the benefit of all people today and in the future. In national networks, participating stakeholders develop concrete approaches to solutions and thus contribute to the global vision of the UN Global Compact.

The UN Global Compact Network Germany (UN GCD) brings together the German participants of the UN Global Compact: Currently, these are around 810 companies - ranging from DAX corporations to medium-sized and small enterprises - and almost 60 organizations from civil society, academia and the public sector. In the network, they can find out about various corporate responsibility issues, exchange ideas and work together on practical solutions. The UN GCD was created at the initiative of German companies in 2000 as one of the first national networks.

Unterziele
12.6 Responsible companies 12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 8 SDG 9
Verband
TourCert

"TourCert" is a non-profit corporate community that unites experts from tourism, science, environment, development and politics and is committed to responsible tourism. TourCert advises and accompanies tour operators, accommodations, destinations and other tourism companies in the implementation of sustainable management and qualifies interested parties and participants with seminars and online trainings.

Unterziele
12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 10
Forum anders Reisen
Portal for sustainable travel

The "forum anders reisen e.V." is an association of travel companies committed to sustainable tourism. It was founded in 1998 and now has around 130 members.
The aim is to create travel experiences that are oriented towards people and the environment, while promoting the local and careful use of resources and respect for foreign cultures.

Unterziele
12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 17
Futouris e.V.
Futouris e.V.

Futoris e.V. is an association which, together with companies in the tourism industry, promotes sustainable tourism worldwide and is committed to improving living conditions in the destination countries, preserving biological diversity and protecting the environment and climate.
It's members aim at developing and implementing pilot projects and innovations which enable more responsibility and sustainability in destinations and in the business activity of tourism companies.

Unterziele
12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 2
BMU; BMJV; BMEL
National Programme on Sustainable Consumption

The National Programme for Sustainable Consumption (NPNK) is a step towards implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development from a consumer and product perspective. It aims to contribute to bringing our consumption patterns and lifestyles in line with ecological and economic limits. The programme identifies goals and needs for action and explains previous activities of the Federal Government in the field of sustainable consumption. Based on the guiding principle of sustainability, central ideas for a policy of sustainable consumption are developed. The programme contains 170 measures for the overarching approaches to action as well as the areas of need in order to systematically strengthen sustainable consumption.
The NPNK was further developed on 3 May 2021. The 45 measures and targets adopted by the Committee of State Secretaries for Sustainable Development prioritise and focus the Federal Government's existing programme for sustainable consumption from 2016. The measures relate to the areas of mobility, housing and household, nutrition, work and office, clothing, and leisure and tourism, as well as cross-cutting measures, such as those to tap the potential of digitalisation for sustainable consumption. They are intended to contribute to halving consumption-related greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant by 2030, among other things.

Unterziele
12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.8 Information and awareness for sustainable development 12.B Sustainable tourism
Ziele
SDG 16