12.A Supporting developing countries 12.A Supporting developing countries

12.A Supporting developing countries
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Sub-goal 12.a requires developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable consumption and production patterns.

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As part of the ‘develoPPP.de’ program, BMZ, for example, supports companies that engage in developing and emerging countries for the long term and that want to make their entrepreneurial engagement sustainable. These can include companies that pilot innovative technology, increase the standard of their supply chains, or invest in a sustainable training program.

The International Climate Initiative (IKI), the BMU's international funding program for climate protection and biodiversity projects in developing and emerging countries, began in 2008. This initiative also supports numerous projects focusing on ‘Sustainable Production and Consumption (SCP)’ – for example, low-emission public transport procurement, ecolabelling and the transformation of value chains in the tourism sector.

In addition, textiles, cocoa or palm oil partnerships between private, civil society and policy actors (multi-stakeholder partnerships) contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.


BMZ; Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH (DEG); GIZ; sequa gGmbH

develoPPP.de was set up by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) over 20 years ago to foster the involvement of the private sector in areas where business opportunities and development policy initiatives overlap. To this end, BMZ offers financial and technical support for companies that want to do business or have already begun operating in developing and emerging-market countries.

12.A Supporting developing countries
SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 17
GIZ; BMZ; betterplace lab; adelphi
innovation factory

The innovation factory is a global partnership for promoting digital innovations for sustainable development. It was commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in the year 2018. The innovation factory focuses on three different areas of action: Developing and evolving cross-regional cooperation networks for digital innovations, creating the conditions for global networking of cooperation networks and creating the conditions for developing digital innovations. The cooperation networks develop digital innovations for sustainable development and share ideas across regions.

12.A Supporting developing countries
SDG 9 SDG 17
German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess)

With the adoption of the German Resource Efficiency Programme (Deutsches Ressourceneffizienzprogramms = ProgRess) in February 2012, Germany committed itself to objectives, guiding ideas and approaches for the protection of natural resources. The Federal Government is obliged to report to the German Parliament every four years on the development of resource efficiency in Germany and to update the Resource Efficiency Programme.

12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.A Supporting developing countries
CLIENT II – International Partnerships for Sustainable Innovations

The target of the funding programme is to support international partnerships in the areas of climate, environment and energy.
CLIENT II puts a spotlight on demand-oriented research and development collaborations with selected newly industrializing and developing countries with interesting markets for German suppliers of technology. The envisaged projects are to give an effective impetus to reduce environmental pollution in the partner countries, to use natural resources both wisely and economically, to supply safe, clean and affordable energy to all segments of the population, and to make advances in global climate protection and in the adaptation to climate change and natural hazards. 

12.1 Sustainable consumption and production patterns 12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.3 Reducing food losses 12.4 Environmentally sound management of chemicals 12.5 Reducing waste generation 12.6 Responsible companies 12.7 Sustainable public procurement 12.A Supporting developing countries 12.B Sustainable tourism
SDG 6 SDG 7 SDG 8 SDG 13
BMEL; BMZ; Unternehmen; NGOs; Verbände
Forum Sustainable Cocoa

The German Federal Government, represented by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL), the German confectionery industry, the German food trade and civil society have joined forces in the Forum Nachhaltiger Kakao e.V. (Forum Sustainable Cocoa). Together, as a so-called multi-stakeholder initiative, they pursue the goal of improving the living conditions of cocoa farmers and their families and increasing the cultivation and marketing of cocoa certified according to sustainability standards. By 2025, the share of cocoa (certified according to sustainability standards, or independently verified to an equivalent standard) in confectionery sold in Germany should be 85%; the long-term goal is 100%. To achieve this, the members of the Forum are committed to working closely with the governments of the cocoa-producing countries. As of 2021, the share of cocoa certified or independently verified according to sustainability standards in confectionery sold in Germany by member companies of the Federal Association of the German Confectionery Industry (BDSI) is now 79%. Among members of the Sustainable Cocoa Forum, the figure is 84%.

12.2 Sustainable management of natural resources 12.A Supporting developing countries
SDG 8 SDG 15